Research Article Introduction

15% of your English 101D final grade — Estimated time required: 45 minutes


Before class begins on Wednesday, March 30th, submit your final research article introduction, carefully checked in light of:

  1. My grading rubric below. . . . especially check that you’ve avoided the following two mistakes which have frequently reduced previous English 101D students’ introduction grades ☹ :
    • Failing to include the required list of correctly formatted references for all sources cited in your introduction (As hopefully you now know, including correctly formatted references is a super-easy task if you’ve entered your example research papers into a reference manager like Zotero and have carefully checked that all automatically or manually entered information is correct and complete. On the other hand, if you haven’t started using a reference manager yet, including correctly formatted references will likely be a tedious and irritating task! Therefore, you should — almost certainly — start using a quality reference manager ASAP!)
    • Failing to check your introduction for the easy-to-correct errors listed below, a mistake that has often resulted in around half of my English 101D students each semester losing points. (I hate reducing students’ grades for easy-to-correct errors I know they could have identified by themselves if they had tried. . . so please don’t make me reduce your grade for this reason!!! ☹)
  2. The feedback I have emailed you on your data commentary (Be particularly careful to check that your introduction avoids any error patterns that reduced your original data commentary grade!)

English 101D Research Article Introduction Rubric

E = excellent (10 points)      OK = acceptable (5 points)      NI = needs improvement (0 points)

Does my introduction contain a logical distribution and ordering of the move 1 “Establishing a territory” steps? (i.e. “Providing general background” and “Reviewing previous research” and “Claiming centrality”)

Yes, very well done!

X, I have never read an introduction that begins with “In this study.” Why will readers care to know what you intend to do in your study until they know your topic is important?

Does my introduction contain a logical distribution and ordering of the move 2 “Identifying a niche” steps? (i.e. “Indicating a gap” and “Highlighting a problem” and “Proposing general hypotheses” and “Presenting justification” and “Raising general questions”)

Yes, definitely!

Overall, yes. Please just check the parts I have highlighted/commented.

X, your introduction barely includes with this step at all

Does my introduction contain a logical distribution and ordering of the move 3 “Addressing the niche” steps? (i.e. “Clarifying definitions” and “Introducing present research descriptively” and “Announcing principle outcomes” and “Announcing present research purposefully” and “Summarizing methods” and “Presenting research questions” and “Stating the value of the present research” and “Presenting research hypotheses” and “Outlining the structure of the paper”)


X, because your introduction doesn’t make clear what the gap is or why it’s important, it’s also not clear how your proposed study will address this gap — make sense?

Does my submission include a list of references for all sources cited in my introduction, appropriately formatted according to the requirements of my field or my target journal?

Looks good to me

X, your introduction contains no in-text citations and no reference list at all

Does my introduction use appropriate paragraphing? (See SRW, pp.12-15)

Yes (though your single paragraph could be broken into two if you wanted to do so).

Does my introduction clearly communicate what I want to say? (e.g. Does it use appropriate signalling words to clearly communicate the relationship between my ideas?) (See SRW, pp. 7-11, 56-57, 94-99, 118-119)

Please see my highlighted comments in pink above.

Does my introduction avoid COCA-/OneLook-correctable errors?

Please check your (potential) errors highlighted in yellow above. Be especially careful to check that your phrasing is appropriate for academic/research writing, not just for (less formal) spoken English.

Many of your article errors are, in fact, COCA-correctable. However, I don’t think it’s fair to take off points in two places for a single error

Does my introduction avoid errors in verb tense or voice? (See SRW, pp. 4-7, 11-12, 18, 20, 23, 47-50, 87, 147, 158-167, 172, 186, 192, 201-204)

Almost perfectly

No verb tense problems at all in the part of your introduction that I had time to carefully check

Please check your (potential) errors highlighted in green above.

Does my introduction avoid errors in subject/verb or article agreement, singular/plural form, or countable/uncountable noun form? (If you carefully read and apply SRW, pp. 50-55 and 109, you should be able to correct most of your patterned errors in this category — most other errors in this category you should be able to correct via COCA)

Please check your (potential) errors highlighted in orange above.

Do I demonstrate respect for my readers by avoiding easy-to-correct errors such as those involving capitalization, spelling, or punctuation? (FYI: In research writing, the presence of easy-to-correct errors in capitalization, spelling, or punctuation in English research writing suggests to editors/reviewers/professors that an author has put only minimum effort into his/her writing —and since laziness in one aspect of life is frequently correlated with being lazy generally—that very possibly the author also put minimum effort into his/her actual research and therefore probably has nothing of substantial value to contribute to this journal and/or the field!. . . . Obviously, such interpretations can greatly hurt the probability that an author’s work will be accepted for publication!!! In addition, editors/reviewers/professors who read your work are likely to interpret the presence of easy-to-correct errors in your writing as disrespectful of their time since such errors, especially if they are frequent, tend to slow down readers by distracting them from your content.)

Please check your (potential) errors highlighted in teal above (but I’m not taking any points off for them because your errors in this category are actually only ones that U.S. English research writers also often make J)

Please note: Because I want students to learn from my feedback, tentatively graded research article introductions can be resubmitted based on my comments for a possible score of up to 100%. The current tentative grade for this research article introduction is %.


Note to Monica only!!!

Monica, it might be helpful in future semesters if I add to this assignment a linked list of ALL earlier assignments relevant to this one, so students can verify that they’ve finalized their introduction draft in light of all of them, e.g.:

  1. Your “English 101D Writing Journal” notes on RWT’s results section articles/videos (from the following previous homework assignments: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)
  2. Your “English 101D Writing Journal” notes on English verb tenses (from this previous homework assignment)
  3. Science Research Writing‘s vocabulary lists for expressing sequence, frequency, quantity and causality (pp. 94-111 — FYI: Monday’s major homework assignment is scheduled to be you copying-and-pasting and organizing/categorizing these vocabulary lists in some way that makes sense to you. However, if you want to complete this assignment while checking your data commentary for needing this vocabulary, that’s also okay)
  4. COCA‘s guidance regarding standard/preferred English phrasing

Check that the steps I’ve listed below match the steps included in Kimberly’s lectures as well as RWT’s analyzer